Rosebud Battlefield, adjacent to southeastern Montana's Crow Indian reservation, is the site of one of American history's major battles between an expansionist government and native tribes.

The Great Sioux War of 1876-1877 pitted the Sioux, aka Lakota, against a U.S. Army sent to enforce the recently enacted reservation system. On June 17, 1876, 1,500 Sioux and Northern Cheyenne turned back Brigadier General George Crook and 1,000 troops here at Rosebud Creek in one of the largest engagements of the Indian wars.

The defeat sent Crook to resupply, meaning that his troops were unavailable eight days later when the same Lakota warriors famously defeated Gen. George Custer and his men at nearby Little Bighorn Battlefield.

The 3,000-acre site is mostly undeveloped, windswept, rolling terrain, and day uses include picnicking, walking, and photography. Be aware of rattlesnakes, commonly found in the area.

Note that metal detectors, digging, collecting or removal of artifacts is prohibited. Bikes not allowed off-road. Pet leash law in effect April 1 through the opening day of upland bird season.

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